ビデオジャパンは、最大でランク。

# pR Pachinko

pRAOmwCx Pachinko units, Sanyo's ocean Story

pRAABA|eVZiQ[jB Pachinko is almost perpendicular to the stand, a large number of nails hammered into the board, a small steel balls to determine which player is put into the mouth of the winning game (game). VZ@iQ[@jupRvB A game machine (game) itself, "pinball table". pR{AIAupRXvupRvApREpRGAt@A_}up[[vB Facilities Services has set up a pachinko parlor, the most common, "pachinko parlors" or "pachinko shop", but pachinko and pachinko industry magazines, among fans, modern and bright intended to be impressive. " Parlors, "he called. VZ{A 1930NXJXAES~AIB Facilities like this game, in 1930 opened the first store, and then World War II by a total ban was temporary, but was revived after the end of World War II.

qpRciupRcvj{A cKyK@ iuc@vj [1]uqKSVZcvcB Pachinko is a visitor to the business (the "pachinko business") in Japan, the sex industry and other business regulations and laws and proper (the "c@") [1] The second paragraph of Article Seventh issue, "Facilities Customers have to arouse the passion for gambling in a sport that is the business of "business as a set of manners. [2]cqVZ|iB [2] business customers who gained a game on the results of the exchange of steel balls and prizes. cA\Ac|\ic@\jAqic@\jB As the sex industry, those under the age of eight, a place of business that you do notCHIentrance will be required to display (Item Eighteenc@), as customers can makeCHIRA is forbidden (No.c@Twenty-two fifth paragraph number). pRVZ{AMuIvfgy{ssnenAIi pR#_QjB Pachinko is a sport facility, and now the gambling element of the people familiar with the city and entertainment facilities in different parts of the country or region there is a fine-tooth comb, but also many social issues have ( Pachinko # Problems). pRXOA Q[Z^[IXpRAuA^cB In other pachinko parlors, video arcades and street vendors and other units at a pachinko parlor, installation, operation will be. RV[}ApRlsAApRA V~[VQ[rfIQ[B In the field of consumer and used for pachinko buy and sell individual units in the market, such a pachinko toy cars and simulate the characteristics of the simulation game as a video game.

COApRXB Overseas, once in Korea, there are a lot of a pachinko parlor. pR2006N@~AXS[3]Asi_MQjB Pachinko in South Korea in 2006 prohibited by law at the end, all the shops are closed [3] and is, the reality is opaque (For more details, MEDARUCHIGI). 2008NA{OAJOApRXB In 2008, except in Japan in the U.S. Guam and the presence of a pachinko parlor. i p jA@~Aksss@pRXB The Republic of China (Taiwan), is prohibited by law, but in fact the Taipei City in many cities, except pachinko parlors are illegal.

## Index

### [ W ] Q[Tv Game Summary

pRA^JBiXulJZvjAOdKXAa11mmAd5gpR|tueB Pachinko units, many of the large number of sheets of wood with brass nailsCHIMA almost vertically on the board (the board's inclination to set "NEKASE"), a double front glass plate covered with Here in diameter 11mm, and weighs 5g called pachinko balls of steel balls are emplaced by the player to launch equipment. eABHA]\GOAiZ[tjA115AKlB The play balls, nails and feathers on the board, such as rotating structure at a lower per trajectory and fell into the complex during the winning ball in the mouth (Safe hole) into one of the 15, Awarded the number of provisions can win the ball. AVZAuiNmjvd|{B In the face, in order to increase profit in the game, "the role of (Yak mono)," a special prize called the mouth and have been tricks. @Bd|EdCd|ANfW^igfWpnCeNx@B The role of electricity in addition to mechanical and digital components in recent years, driven DEJIPACHI-called high-tech models with a high degree of the mainstream.

### [ W ] VZ game rate

pRVZA Kc@{sK14~(2008N81) [4] AoP25i100~jB Rates pachinko game, the National Public Safety Commission rules on the enforcement regulationsc@4 yen per one ball and stipulates the following: (2008 August 1 now) [4], at least 25 units of rental units (100 Yen). Ex@A 2000N 12u 14~vAX100~25o\[5] B But the industry is the supervision of the Office National Police Agency, in December 2000, "the consumption tax is a limit of 1 to 4 yen or less are not included," said the opinion, with some 100 stores in 25 The ball less than the loan is considering the possibility [5]. 1997NAoz[AO]SB In 1997, when the revision of the consumption tax, consumption tax rate loan Jade Hall could tack on the shift of sales to other form of self-pay.

### [ W ] ties with society

W[2005A pXVZQl1,790lyAsK2950~[6] BRE 2005 White Paper on Leisure, Pachislo, including participation in sport has a population of 17.9 million people, the market scale of 5 billion yen to 29 trillion [6]. pRF[XgAAAl44lAAlB Pachinko Chain Store Association, said about 44 million people Employment and population, employment and population have to be sold. ylAMuwEAs[NQlNXXB The diversity of entertainment and gambling, and increased dependence is to be noted that, from a peak participation of the population is decreasing every year.

### [ W ] pRX business of pachinko parlor

2004N 7VZKeA2004N6OdqMZp ijpRVZ@VZ@Ax2007N 9SPtB In July 2004 revision of the rules of the game, in June 2004 before the Security Electronics and Communications Technology Association (Association Tooru Yasushi) passed the test of pachinko game machines and other game machines, no later than September 2007 By the end was obliged to dismantle all. AlC4@pX@PApRz[zpSAKSVZ@KqAZ@pREt@CiXTdB Chan is also a popular coup was the fourth consecutive reactor Pachislo machines are subject to removal at the same time, and this is due to pachinko halls for the replacement was forced to pay hefty fees, and fuel the game machine gambling regulations Expected to leave by the major customers for financial institutions to finance the pachinko industry was very cautious. A2007N427E6_CG[ i{Es jn@Kp\\A2007NxpRX|YON37.1[7] B Suffering repercussions that in 2007 the industry on April 27 in the sixth Daiei (headquartered in the city of Aizuwakamatsu), the Tokyo District Court to the Civil Rehabilitation Law is applied to represent the 2007 bankruptcy of the pachinko parlor The number increased by 37.1% year-on-year increase was significantly [7].

### [ W ] ii sharing prize

cpRcAqVZi[8] B Pachinko business in the sex industry, customers got the game ball as a result of prizes in exchange for [8]. c@cALiqi (231) [9] Aiix(KB2008N811~[10] )]c (19) ApRK}Bc@to the business, cash and marketable securities to be offered as a prize or prizes offered to customers to buy or prohibited (Article 23 paragraph 1) [9], the maximum prize on the price of standard (National Public Safety Commission Provisions set by the association. August 2008 as of September 1 in 10,000 yen [10]) required to operate in accordance with (Article 19) and the suppression of a pachinko gambling.

iAIAuiivAuiiv2B The prize will be provided, in general, "general prize," "special prizes" will be divided into two types.

#### [ W ] ii General Premiums

c@{sK3522iiuqpliAvXB 35c@enforcement regulations in Article 2, Paragraph 2 as a free gift "to the public in a customer's daily life and be used for goods from among the many possible kinds of stuff to keep things" are looking to shop. A ^oRqAXlN^CEnJECmAdCiA i A ANZT[ A CDDVD A HilXA^pRXiiR[i[^X[p[}[PbgB Therefore, cigarettes and sweets, the shop Ties handkerchief socks and small items of Western dress, electrical appliances, cosmetics, accessories, CD or DVD, groceries and many other in-store giant pinball machine in a small corner of the free gift exchange market To resemble.

x@2006N12ApRii500iz[u500B200WjAipiEiEHiE{ypiEnDiEgiE7i5iBo[11] B In the National Police Agency in December 2006, as a minimum prize of more than 500 pinball machine (number of holes that the establishment of more than 500 cases over the same number and types of vehicles. The life of at least 200 exhibits), as items Household goods, clothing and entertainment culture of food products in food and beverages and other personal items during the seven items to offer more than five items they are seeking to notice [11].

#### [ W ] ii Special prizes

ii Examples of special prizes

iiApRXOuAes{iipOiiwB Special prizes and a pachinko parlor is set up outside the prefecture's Public Safety Committee thrift shop purchase of the premiums received permission to sell at premiums and refers to the premise. pRMuIvf[12] B This element of pachinko gambling is to have [12]. AOoc@231~KApRXiiocB However, was before the banc@provisions of Paragraph 1 of Article 23 because there are a pachinko parlor prize exchange can not run. ApREpRMuOA OX ilXj@B Therefore, the Pachinko pinball gambling industry is not in principle, the three-store system (or four-store system) and is called the method adopted.

• z[qoii Hall is a special prize ball out of a customer exchange
• qiiiiQA iiii Premiums for a special guest to bring a prize exchange, the thrift shop is a special prize exchange purchases in cash prizes
• iiiiiiAz[ Premiums from the wholesaler to a special prize exchange buy prizes, HallSU

lXAz[AiiAWAoR[13] B If the four-store system, Hall, prize exchange, consolidating companies, through wholesalers and [13].

A@IuuvAz[AiiAiiOXocOApRE@B In other words, the legal position "of the antique trade" will be redeemed and the ATARANAI Hall, prize exchange, wholesale giveaway of three different stores based on the premise that business entities, the pachinko industry is illegal Escape. A _ s pRiiuiiUvAUii\[14]oAQiiAz[oB However, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Takatsu-ku, pachinko prize exchange for a "free gift brought to the edge of the fakes," the prize of counterfeit fraud case [14] was found, the victim reported the prize exchange , Had been reporting from the hole. iiz[WA _xsApRXF[WX_bNAuoiiEs@ABvF[15]AlX^A@ApRqNiAApRyOXA Y@qfB Hall of the prize exchange and the relationship in spite of proof, Kanagawa prefectural police have not made the crackdown and a pachinko parlor chain JASDAQ Stock Exchange-listed shares sought, "the ball out cash prizes The legality of an industry that is lacking in practice, unable to meet its investor protection. "Listed as a rule [15], and we are presented with a question, but the prosecution, a pachinko gambling charges in the indictment No case, the court, three shops and pachinko system, the criminal charges against gambling on whether or not the decision.

2007NA sgpiiniAoiiiiMXiAt]NiuPi_jiipv\jA}niiil[16] B In 2007, Tokyo, a special prize will be used in gold bullion prices to replace the ball out to be obtained as a result of a special prize from the prize exchange and bring to the store usually brought more of the precious metal Higher prices, for the reversal occurred (in this part of the "simply money ball (medal) in exchange for premiums received and profitable to sell only" was also rumored), the prize abruptly gold bullion The increase in the price and distribution [16]. AiiihuliiV[\vAilR\B However, this was taken in response to the old price of the exchange was exchanged for prizes successfully to prevent cross "to raise prices after the Seal put up a prize that" it is only now that gold prices rise further If you have a similar problem is likely to relapse. uV[\to@sovuniiAOcxov[17] AVXe^cOB "The sealing attached by the automatic issuance of the machines have a problem with the" "free gift of gold bullion to theEMI wholesaler, and other impediments to a wholesaler out of business," and other problems have been reported [17] The system's operation is concerned.

### [ W ] VZ@ game machine

1970NpRAeXvOo[gsB Pachinko until the late 1970s, when cars, play the ball springs back to adjust the intensity manually using a lever and hit a one-shot one-shot. pRo@\AnhYB Pachinko ball of cars equipped with automatic ejection mechanism, which only handles add a touch of a hand ball can be hit. opxApR0.6b1AAp0.5b1KB The frequency of injection-ball, pinball from one in 0.6 seconds, 0.5 seconds AREPACHI from the provisions are within. nhYiIoAoI~{^AnhtB Steering wheel with his hands on a permanent basis while the ball is injection, injection to temporarily halt the push-button, mounted on the steering wheel is near.

pRVZZpAnhVZ@h~IAnhAfGmZT[tB Pachinko is a game requiring minimal intervention techniques to handle equipment and how to fix a game intended to prevent, handle, touched with bare hands to be fitted with sensors to detect.

CR@ [18]~A1ijA m imjmOAKSXB CR Measurement [18] Since the introduction of a single jackpot (grand prize) for winning more ball, or chance variation (m) hit the jackpot with the introduction of increasing the probability of winning the ball instead of reducing non-grand prize, such as gambling To fuel the trend. {c@qKSVZ@~AEOCR@yAKSXVZ@F[6] B In the originalc@tempting visitors to the gambling spirit of a game machine that has been banned despite the supposedly tax-evasion measures and for the dissemination of CR aircraft to fuel the gambling game machines tend to That the approval is said to be the cause [6].

NpRA ^CAbv@AAj[VEBh}qLN^[A|\lC[tw[ voT ] B Pachinko units in recent years, the tie-up machine, called the former children's animation and special effects for the drama is based on characters or celebrities and entertainers are supervised or motif that has accounted for most of the required Source]. 2006NAlCElCACh^CAbv@[ voT ] B In particular, in 2006 around the top and the tie Idle popular singer of the popular models are fast Requirement Source].

2007NxJASRACuG@QIBGMvApREpXgpygpS44%ApRJIPEyEz[19] B Indeed in 2007 of JASRAC Award Silver Medal was awarded in the "Evangelion BGM", a pachinko pachislot royalties on the music copyright royalties accounted for 44 percent of all the rights derived from pachinko income units A karaoke song ringtone and other side can not be ignored in the amount of money in the music industry has been and is an indication that [19].

C^[lbgNpRQ[pRQ[lCWB On the Internet in recent years, the game was one of the pachinko pinball game is called and is also gaining popularity.

ApRAjgAjt@I[ voT ] B However, the subject of pachinko units can be used for anime fans of the original cartoon also exists a negative opinion of the required Source].

VZ@w@dqMZpKsAes{Az[uAz[x@sB Pachinko the National Public Safety Commission is a designated testing organization Association of electronic and communication technology security requirements specified by the above test is whether, after the State of the Public Safety Committee after the screening, and then installed in the hole , Hall under the jurisdiction of the police test. SiqVZ\B All passed the exam for the first time customers will be able to make a game.

L3NALVZ@s@VZ@u\AXFB The three-year period of validity of the test is effective over a period of a game machine under the current law is set up for a game machine is available, to test for the expiration of any changes will not be accepted. AiCoAuAVVZ@KviojB Therefore, in the case of failure, such as parts for replacement and can not be repaired, or left broken, the new game machine and need to replace (while failure can not continue to operate). @PAPVZ@i@jsAs@As@iVZ@APAB The aircraft deemed to have a misunderstanding about the removal, but the removal of the current game machines do not meet the criteria (the revision) was held to the current law, unless a change for the worse, under current law I passed the test of a game machine to the expiration of the period when the test must be removed, it is not.

• As@AFAFX3NAu^piiXjFB In addition, current information, to receive certification, also for three years from the date of certification, and installation operations (such as changes in exchange components) can be seen.

VZ@AB The current game machines, according to the following criteria are made.

• m1/400B Jackpot probability of at least 1 / 400 or more. AmpimAnmjA2mpB Also, if you adopt a different probability (stochastic volatility and the probability of a different start if you want to say), the probability of two to be adopted.
• 1mlo8000B In one win probabilities can change the ball out of 8,000 below average.
• oAoij60%B Yu took part, out of play ball out of (the ratio of the role) below 60 percent.
• 6000i1jo300¦0000i10jo200¥0%B Driving 6,000 (1 hour) out of the maximum rate of 300 percent ball, driving 60000 units (10 hours) out of the ball at the maximum rate of 200 percent and 50 percent lower.

### [ W ] IEz The average amount of investment cash

• pRAAt@BDICRCEICJ[h}A{^IApRAP500~125A1~pR100~100AApR~MB Pachinko, the ball when you rent the units are attached to the bills or mechanical coin IC IC card inserted, the ball is bad press in general instructions, usually in a pinball machine, the ball 500 units for rent From 125, 1 yen to 100 yen on the pinball machine is from 100, all from here, but pachinkoMERU the height of the threshold. Q[Z^[100~A50~VZo{AOy1000~DKvpREXbgB Arcade in the 100-yen coin, or 50 yen coin many facilities as possible in the game, and suddenly popular entertainment in the 1,000 yen bills at a minimum that is required only to say that pachinko slot is not an exaggeration.

Xd\ThuB The coins will be introduced by the store cash if you have set up sand as well. A100~or500~VY\B In this case, the 100-yen coin from or500 yen coin is possible to play.

• pRAfW@m1/250400B Pachinko units, the digital office equipment with the exception of sweetjackpot odds 1 / 250-400 in the most fit. fW@m1/100wB And a sweet digital machine jackpot odds 1 / 100 of less than one point. iAoA2RmKZABA CRcm1/399.25Ao1/530Bj (However,SHI out of the office ofmGASE 2R is included in the presence of vehicles, in fact, tend to be more than this. To cite one example, CR the Province of flowers the next big hit if the probability is 1/399.25 , But the ball hit the jackpot out if you are limited to 1 / 530 or more.)
• 1000~]i4~pRj1025ApRF[1322B Different degree of exchange rate average number of revolutions per 1,000 yen (4 yen pachinko) in the first 10 to 25 times a settlement, the largest chain of pachinko 13 ~ 22 times in the most fit.
• A27B Chang average number of consecutive seven times in the first two to fit.
• 1oAfW@12001700AoACRpgbV 2RED170or1300A CRklAPVEver480or1550or1600Az[oIEverHYPER@BONUS2250B One big hit a few balls out of each, with the exception of sweet digital machine if the regular units in 1200-1700, most pieces fit, but few have more than one ball out of the car is set to present a significant, for example, he CR 170 or1300 Stock 2RED Then, CR Pachinko Fist, if ver KENSHIROU also cited the example of 480 individual pieces or1550 Stock or1600 is currently running at the same hole in the ball, which boasts some of the best Then in 2250 HYPER BONUS RAOU Stock ver. fW@400500xB By the way, the sweet digital machines to about 400 to 500 pieces fit most.
• 2550B Exchange rate from 25 to 50 majority in the fall.
• Am1/300A1000~]20AA3Ao1500A25z[VZASmi]_jAz15000~Ao4500A18000~AxvZ3000~vXA1000~]15z20000~A2000~}CiXB For example, the jackpot odds 1 / 300, the average number of rotations of 1,000 yen per 20 times the average three times, C Chan, up from 1,500 units ball, a game in 25 holes from the exchange, as all probability (the average number of rotation Results of only) if the investment amount is 15000 yen, the ball took part from 4500, cashed in 18,000 yen, 3,000 yen in the calculation of the balance will be positive, and 1,000 yen, the average is 15 times the number of rotation If the investment amount was 20,000 yen, 2,000 yen is negative. A]xeA{[_[CtB In this way, the average number of revolutions have a large impact on the overall balance of payments, so there is a borderline word. Ax_}0]1000~16.666cA{[_[CB In the example above, the total balance to be } 0 theoretical average 16.666 per 1,000 yen turnover. The number of times, which is equivalent to the borderline. @A]VYxvZoTCgB Each model, the exchange rate and the average time to rotate play count and entered a calculated balance can only expect there to the site. AoAmEZATAQlxKvB However, if you have some spare ball and the ballmchanges in the number of shorter working hours and also for not categorically describe the extent only reference to the need to keep.
• Ix}5~A2000oi|820~jA50AiPz1239~jAPm_B In general, the overall balance within } 5 if you have 10,000 yen, but also a big hit around 2,000 but not more than (200,000 yen - more than -8), and more than 50 consecutive Chan (12 in the amount of cash simply 10,000 yen or more to 39), so if you are actually in a simple probability theory is difficult to match.
• pR0.6b1AA^bJ[iljA250i1000~j230bB 1 to 0.6 seconds in the pachinko balls fired from the lab were not picked by an attacker to the ball (the ball failed to win a prize), from 250 (1,000 yen) is missing with 30 seconds to 2 minutes. 1000~20A60cA230b190vZB ¥ 1000 ball 20 times was in the case, the remaining 60 from the 190 in 2 minutes and 30 seconds will be calculated from the consumer. y[X1VZ4560A18240~B The pace of the game in 1 hour and consumption from 4560, as many as 18,240 yen worth. o50000~AJXXoA20~B 50,000 yen to hit the jackpot right to go missing, and they continue to turn up to the opening and closing the case did about 20 million yen to consumers. [A~IAIS~lB In extreme cases such as these and several million yen in losses the common and long-term loss of several million yen more than the unending human.

### [ W ] _ Problems

pRiisAyB Redeemed by a special act of pachinko prizes, and various problems such as addiction and sex. B The following example.

#### [ W ] pR addiction to pachinko

_wuaIqipathological gamblingjv_QB In psychiatry, "pathological gambling (pathological gambling)" is a mental disorder. Iu Mu vB In general, "gambling addiction" and also called. pR]-GhtB A h[p~_oB i]j[6] B Pachinko is a big hit from the brain when a large amount of -endorphin, dopamine and other neurotransmitters (also known as the drug in the brain) are secreted [6]. ApRB Because of this a kind of drug dependency went close to the state, is likely to depend on pachinko.

pRNw~J~rA j[gApRdA EA Zli NT jA2005NsVZgEcpR|JEZOn[20] B The pachinko addiction in the young generations motivated and addiction studies by the loss of morale, neat example of, or until a debt Pachinko lapsed into a very heavily in debt and plunge into an example, suicide is an example to the fall, Consumer finance from where ~ along with the social issues (KURESARA problem) was that, since 2005, Tokyo, industry cooperative game and pachinko industry groups also call attention to addiction and counseling to resolve the problem of Introduction is the first such project [20]. 2006N{SEcS{VZgAlgJnApRvaCAEc~Kvut[21] 5N^c1~SAiAkoB In 2006, the entire industry associations from Japan, All Japan Federation of Cooperatives game business by starting a similar effort, and the pachinko addiction is a disease requiring treatment, along with industry groups as a problem in need of relief As the [21] 5 years, 100 million yen worth of pay for operating costs, the research for addiction, specialist consultants have begun to develop.

{f[|[gpkW~nB WANDEPOTO recovery facilities in the private sector and activities for women are beginning to NUJUMI. pRE^B Addiction to pachinko industry-led response to the question. {l_m^ckJEZOZ^[ul^wXT|[gZ^[v [22]B In his recovery from psychiatric social worker consultation counseling center run by the "Yokohama MENTARUHERUSUSAPOTOSENTA" [22] also cited the effect is active.

Sm\SAiA pRApRuyvAu_lIvAu]fW^XbgvAugoh~vvfIpA _onDiMjlgXAbNXoB Former clinical psychologists in the writer Matsuoka Yuu Kei, the book's hypnotic, and clairvoyance in the classroom and in the work of multiple, addiction to pachinko, a pinball table, "loud music", "flashing neon", "digital revolution Slot ", and" "the once profitableRI" desire "to juggle multiple use of the elements of the sympathetic nervous system hypnotized advantage of the high (and easily absorbed) human trance, a kind of relaxation Can lead to the state. QAVZyB The reason is the weakness and wasting away a lot of money, or a sense of pleasure in the game and addiction habits and become addicted said. pRB Pachinko them from the property itself has been strongly criticized.

#### [ W ] u car abandoned children

pRMpRX~quAqMESi lONg jAB Pachinko is a zealous parents stopped in the parking lot of pachinko parlor car and abandoned children in the child's heat stroke and dehydration killed in the incident ( neglect) occurs, the problem is the community . S{VZgAqush~@suwNLy[s[23] B The All Japan Federation of Cooperatives game business in the children's car left the law on child abuse prevention and child abuse as a vehicle to the left will call attention to the eradication campaign has been [23]. AXpdVqaAX|B Measures, the member store at the corner of a wall to separate the playground or have custody of a child, or a traveling employee parking lot to call attention to them. AuP[X2006Nx37A56lX[24] B According to a report by the Committee, including touring car was found abandoned in the 37 cases in fiscal 2006, 56 people will tend to increase [24].

#### [ W ] x@ collusion with the police

x@ApREAOscdqMZpVZ@dlKsAA@ces{sAXc^AEE^DAWB The National Police Agency, the pachinko industry as a regulatory agency that is affiliated safety Pachinko Electronics and Communications Technology Association specifications whether it is appropriate to examine or test, and passed the test in the actual business model And to provide a good test of whether the public safety committee in each state do, or given permission to open branches, such as life or death for the industry to take a position, so easy to collusion occurred between There is. AVZ@^sdqMZpOOx@R{FAE1/3x@ogApR[J[EA[OxOc}AAcV[6] B For example, the type of game machine to test the security of electronic communications, chairman of the Technical Association of former Secretary of the National Police Agency wasFYamamoto and the staff of the 1 / 3 of those from the police and the pachinko maker Aruze ago in Prefect of police to be Kenzi Maeda was hired as full-time adviser and other related organizations and companies to the parachute example, can also be interpreted [6].

#### [ W ] E tax evasion

CR@~AREAESA2004Nxs50.3%E^AusvAus\1sERzv42062000~ApR[Xg2N[25] B CR decreased since the introduction of machines, but still a lot of tax evasion in the industry as a whole, the National Tax Service's 2004 survey found the percentage of fraud and tax evasion, a majority of 50.3% and is suspected of "fraud detection percentage High Industry "," false declaration of income per amount of the illegal omission of the great industries "42,062,000 yen, the worst two pachinko Both are ranked [25]. f[^Az[Rs[^[[26] B To falsify sales data, Hall converted to a computer, for example [26].

#### [ W ] sc illegal sales

EecSiwpIsARs[^[vOe@ROMuAc@F\XA@v@svA\s[27]AEMss[28] B Each group of industry efforts to promote health is ongoing, despite rewrote the contents of a computer program for illegal modifications Exchangable ROM or remote control, and are forbidden byc@structural changes approved And the bad ball machine and make modifications to counter unfair to raise income, equivalent to fraud fraud [27], such as loss of confidence in the industry can not eradicate the corruption [28]. AVZ@F\XAgDlpRX}sAKpRXsB However, no approval of a game machine for structural change, criminal organizations and individuals such as the pachinko balls from the store to attempt to steal if there is not necessarily illegal, and not necessarily by the pachinko parlor.

#### [ W ] ^e impact on the surrounding

• pRXlITCLEDgdfhOAiQ[29] B Pachinko parlor, neon signs and LED-based electronic bulletin board due to the flashy exteriors are many deplore the deterioration of scenery is the voice [29]. QT[CgA R (: s )[30]AKLB In particular, light pollution is a major reason for the searchlight on, Okayama Prefecture, former town (now: Ibara) example [30], the ordinance also regulated by the growing movement. NO\Z}XR~}\ZgLsXB In recent years, the exterior without a budget for media advertising strategy with a budget increase to the store. AXyB Also, the music in stores around the leaking of noise and are quite a few.
• AiiE[6] B To handle large amounts of cash, in exchange for premiums theft robbery occurred is often the case [6].
• pRXCMD[31] B CM pedagogical of a pachinko parlor, said the objectionable [31]. AS[J[AXCMni[JerFMWIjB In addition, the national broadcasting has been mostly that of the major manufacturers, most of them shop CM, is broadcast on local stations (local TV and FM radio are). kCV A KSXAdAerCMKs[32] B The Hokkaido and Niigata prefecture, Shimane prefecture, tends to drive the passion for gambling, and could lead to multiple debtors, self-regulation of TV CM has decided to conduct [32].
• ppREXbgw A AoAsu[J[nALQKANQN[33] B Pachinko slot cars were disposed of most of the units in Hong Kong, China and other exports are falling into the hands of illegal brokers, and lead to harmful substances are not handled properly, causing health problems in the country and Is [33].
• 18KB Those under the age of 18RIMARA entry is not strictly regulated. AuuvAjcuAXOXB But on the other hand, was on the "abandoned vehicle" with the problem, especially in the infant home in nuclear family can not put the issue at stake, such as the tendency to store even in hard to be thorough. pRXASInxOXOIB Child-care facilities in some of the pachinko parlor, but it was all over the country in the region to introduce a suburb outside the store is also active. A 2006N 5{sc@A18z[KB That the 2006 amendment took effect from Mayc@the age of 18 will find the entrance of the hall were included provisions for penalties. KOXAOKXB This is due to enter the store regulations also thorough, but also compared to previous regulationsRIMARA enter the store more often than not. AAxjEA{cSKOP[XB However, the intensity of the crackdown on the influence of relevant policies, such as Osaka, including complete control until the infants are also strict.
• OAXX[XXACA2000NIuAAquXvsAQXPX[34] B Once the separation of smoking areas is not a thorough, in-store by store filled with smoke and many have also seen the store, and smoke coiled in a bad mood is also, but around 2000, from the socially-oriented separation of smoking areas Be strong, equipped with air-conditioning equipment, expects to increase women's "clean and easy to store spent" on the implementation of the separation of smoking areas is being conducted and, like swirlingbe an improvement stores Tend to [34].

## [ W ] pRENl Korean people and Pachinko

c\pRYAEoAE[35]eYAAENlA{160007000XpRXoc79[36] B Self-employed can be in the pachinko industry, employment discrimination by national origin [35] compared to other industries that affect the employment of the Korean people are expected to have a high percentage, to about 16,000 in Japan Pachinko 700 shop there as a percentage of store managers from 70 percent to 90 percent is said to have [36]. cPuHcv1A7pRW[37] A{pRc AyNA[38] B Mindan under the "Korean Chamber of Commerce" to 10,000 members of the company, with about 7 percent involved Pachinko industry, and [37], the Japanese public security authorities pachinko Mindan and Chongryon and the financing network Are looking at [38]. AefBAkNkNANAWpRE[6] [39] A APMpRjJppRt@ApRvkN{Rn[40] B In addition, remittances and the media on the issue of North Korea in North Korea as a source of funds, related to Chongryon in the pachinko industry might have been [6] [39], AP communication pachinko lost in the loss of nuclear Development is to divert some of the fears, the voice of the fans and pachinko, a pinball machine revenue over the North Korean government and military experts have said the voice of [40].

## [ W ] pRE and the political Pachinko

pRicA}VZUcA A }yYSApR@\BcApromoted as a pachinko game industry promotion of the Liberal Democratic Party lawmaker League, the Democratic entertainment industry research and development of healthy and has a pinball machine and the cash proposal to legalize has been announced. EcpRF[XgAAhoCU[[41] B The industry group Pachinko Chain Store Association as a political advisor to a number of areas cited by politicians [41].

2008NA {c\AIjKAupRYKocviB In 2008, the Korean Residents Union in Japan by the representatives of South Korea's Lee Myung-bak elected the next president to visit South Korea to celebrate, "to the pachinko industry is regulated by the rigor of management" said. A Y}\kAcS~Ac[42] [43] B In response to Lee Myung-bak, Itirou Ozawa during a meeting with the leaders of the Democratic Party, Ozawa as Mindan to be heard from interested in this order, and I want to hear from Mindan Ozawa and the response to a later date [42] [43]. AcHcuW[YSivuVZEKaivoB Later, the Korean Residents Union in Japan and the Korean Chamber of Commerce of the mother, "Association for Promotion of health and leisure industry," the senior official of the association, "the deregulation of the industry sector to engage in a petition" to submit to Ozawa said.

## [ W ] j History

pR[cuEH[}Vv Pachinko is the roots of "The Wall machine"
Q[W Village positive gauge
• 1925N A^RgQ[pRnipRjB 1925, in Osaka horizontal KORINTOGEMU begins with improved pachinko (pinball origin).
• 1930N A c1XpRXJXB In 1930, the sex industry first store in the city opened a pachinko parlor is allowed.
• 1936N AmpRsAN35XJXB In 1936, pachinko is extremely popular in Kochi, 35 stores opened in six months.
• 1937N A uB In 1937, during the war.
• @pRXVKJX~B Pachinko law of war by opening new stores will be banned.
• pR|pRoB The same as the current pachinko pinball-style steel ball appeared.
• 1941N A muB In 1941, the Pacific War broke out.
• 1942N A ApRsvs}YS~B In 1942, the wartime regime, required urgent catapult industry as a total ban. pRXXB A pachinko parlor disposal of the units will be closed.
• 1946N A~pRB In 1946, had been banned back on pachinko.
• 1~2~lB Bad ball to the 1 yen to 2 yen rates will rise.
• VYiF j[M jsBVBussan (now: NYUGIN) was established in the city of Nagoya.
• 1950N A|iF | jtsB In 1950,|& Co. (now: |) Kasugai city was established.
• 1 B The first phase coming golden age. pRX387,664B Amounting to 387,664 pachinko parlor houses. [J[600B About 600 manufacturers.
• z1@ixA\@F160180/IjJB The first reactor Cardiology (with blazing high-speed machine: 160-180 from / to automatically launch of the ball) development. pRu[MAKSA~vB Pachinko This heat wave, and as tempting gambling ban after a barrage of factors.
• suApR~vASLB Tokyo Metropolitan Public Safety Commission, "repeating a ban on pachinko" decisions and spread across the country.
• sASB The advent of a recession exciting, evenhalf the country.
• 1955N Ai~iF OmY jB In 1955, MONAMI & Co. (now: Sanyo Bussan) was established in the city.
• 1956N AE}B In 1956, the first phase will organize the industry.
• _iCuW~bgvoB _economy-conscious, "Jin Mitt" appeared.
• u|l@voA]V}B "Unmanned aircraft|ceremony" at the advent of the employees in the turf, butRANAKU.
• R~bN@oB Comic-emergence of the role.
• 1958N A sni @l1966NjB In 1958, Fuji Co., the Osaka city founded (incorporated as a commercial establishment in 1966 of Fuji).
• Iu[bvvoB Epoch-making "tulip" appeared.
• [gRg[B Release the first time the remote system.
• 2 B The arrival of the second golden age.
• asB Peace was established in the city of Kiryu.
• LsB L established in the city of Nagoya.
• pR[J[60W{VZ@Hgi{VZ@HgOgjB Pachinko maker's 60-game machines together Manufacturers Association of Japan (the predecessor of the Japanese Pachinko Industry Association) formed.
• 1962N At@bVB In 1962, the board will add momentum to take into fashion.
• ijpbNj\B Separation formula (YUNIPAKKU) said.
• _pR@oB Pachinko machines appeared medal ceremony.
• 1965N ApRX1zB In 1965, houses more than 10,000 pachinko parlors. IsA}Vi pXOgjoB Olympia machine (Pachislot's predecessor) appeared.
• 1966N A O iSANKYOjB In 1966, Sankyo (SANKYO) was established in the city.
• 1972N AdnhFB In 1972, to be approved by the steering wheel motor. 2~3~lB Loans 2 yen to 3 yen coin in the rate will rise.
• 1973N AzdqiF ^C[GbN jsB In 1973, Sun Electronics (now: TAIYO ELEC), established in the city of Nagoya.
• 1975N A u![bvv100qbgB In 1975, during "HIRAKE! Tulip" hit 100 million copies. T~[sB Sammy the Tokyo metropolitan government is established.
• 1978N A3~4~lB In 1978, bad-ball 3 yen to 4 yen to the rate hike will be.
• 1979N AupRviN1114 jB In 1979, "pachinko" established (every year on November 14). AOiF TZCR&D jsB Takao, Samsung (now: sansei R & D) was established in the city of Nagoya.
• 1982N A moB In 1982, the rights of goods come first.
• 1983N AiF rXeB jsB In 1983, Tatung (now: BISUTI) established in Tokyo.
• 1984N AtB[o[@J15b~10EhKB In 1984, Fever machine jackpot prize at the mouth opening and closing time of 15 seconds to tighten regulations ~ 10 rounds.
• 1985N A dqMZppR@xJnB In 1985, the Security Association of electronic communications technology screening system by the start of pachinko machines.
• In 1986, "Pachinko Pachi Slot national Thanksgiving Day" established.
• 1988N Ax@u CR@\z v\B In 1988, the National Police Agency "CR mechanism assumptions," said. {W[J[hVXeB{REJAKADOSHISUTEMU established. miF tB[Y jsB Oriental Commercial (now: Fields) was established in the city of Nagoya.
• In 1989, Japan Association for sport-related business is established.
• 1990N AVZ@KB In 1990, the revised rules a game machine. Eh10Eh16EhaB The number of rounds hit the jackpot is up to 16 rounds from 10 rounds to relax.
• 1990N AuqMnB In the 1990s, this time a child is left behind in the car of apparent heat exhaustion is a problem starting the accident.
• 1996N AK@i70jPAmA80Ehi5~b^[jKsB In 1996, gambling models with high (about 70 million units) voluntarily removed at the same time, the continuous fluctuation probability be limited to a maximum of 80 rounds (five times the so-called limiter) rules will be revised.
• 1999N AVZ@KXB In 1999, the rules change a game machine. 5~b^[p~B Five times the de facto abolition of the limiter.
• 2002N AVZ@KXB In 2002, the rules change a game machine. 54Am1/3201/360aB At least five the number of awards from the ball four, the jackpot is low probability of 1 / 320 to 1 / 360 to the relaxation. IZFB Allowed to leave after the coup.
• 2004N A c@{sKB In 2004, c@ revised enforcement regulations. V@oB The new machines appeared. pRp~B Pachinko abolished the seeds of division. mi50%jPpAK3iK1jAm1/500FBmthe maximum percentage (50 percent) lifted the ball a few rules that allow at least three awards (one on the rules),RI probability of at least 1 / 500 to be recognized.
• 2005N A1/500amKA1/400B In 2005, 1 / 500 more than the minimumRI easing the revised rules of probability, 1 / 400 or more.
• 2006NAKB In 2006, the revised rules.
• 2006N 5A c@B In May 2006, c@ amendments. XOguo~A18pRXKB At the time and trouble closing out before the ban guarantee ball, I can tell the age of 18 to the entrance of the pachinko parlor, and will include provisions for penalties.
• 2006N 7Au@vSPB July 2006, "aircraft deemed" completely demolished.
• 2006N88 A LC@lVZYSi@\B 2006 On August 8th, intermediate limited liability corporation healthier Organization for the Promotion of Trade and Industry established a game.
• 2007N 4 ALC@lVZYSi@\uvoSpRz[AuEsmvJnB April 2007, a game industry limited liability corporation healthier interim Organization for the Promotion of the "oath" to the pachinko halls across the country submitted a "no notice at any time" to start the inspection.
• 2008N 3 AKXB March 2008, the bylaw changes. 2004NK~A\B Since the 2004 revision of the rules no longer subject to continuous revival.

## [ W ] p terms

qu u{[LO_ vn@Au [jO v@\B Later, "BURABOKINGUDAMU" and other models, such as the "Morning" features. A U@Az[u TN vu qp_ vAbv_iJXA KH iHjh~Ao~z[jB This attack method rather than the halls of the "Sakura" units "draw Panda" have been targeted in the utilization rate is up (after opening the restaurant money (bilking) for the prevention of certain Replace the ball out of time Hall was also banned).
AVZdmA}IZbgA][X^[gAz[uAvNdgB This is a game of the power units and a certain probability, or a random number that is deliberately set inside a C Chan to start from the zone, a hole in the morning, "Chang C," was how happen. LYhXyV@Pi_jAAuPvtB IndustryL said Don special one-time model in the first turn in the morning (to hold the ball and not to point that out) and then hit the jackpot, than Villa consecutive rise in rates, "a one-shot morning," was the word .
Ru[jOvAqsAuN3~vVoB Of course, "one morning" in order to get to the line ahead of other customers mustBANAKERE to "get up early for 30,000 yen," created by the new adage. Au[jOvAOQ[WZbgAu[jOvmDGB In addition, "Morning", regardless of the previous day's game is set in the state, so "one morning" and saying it had secured a guarantee that is a good one.
[ Leach

_u[ Double Reach
[oA [uvB Lille on the screen after the coup to be staged one of Align, Mahjong is in reach of the "pending" status, there are two. u _u[ vB Mahjong "double-reach" a different meaning.
AiAj Villa C (C Chang)
IumvuZkvIB Hit the jackpot after the end of the "chance to change the next time" or "until the next time" to be elected to hit the jackpot again. R]B If by chance earlier this rotation by subtracting the number of call often. uAiAjvB Mahjong etymology of the "C Cottage (stage in a row)".
mimj Stochastic fluctuations (m)
mU@\B Hit the jackpot increases the probability that we usually have more than the ability to trigger a coup. CR@B CR is included only in machines.

ZkiZj Time (leave)
IAfW^Zkd[JX^[gT|[gg]@\B After the coup, and a powerful digital variable speed electric Chiu of opening supported by a combination of the start and won the ball efficiently and reducing the ability to rotate. CfW^Zk@\BMATTA hold the ball or when the fluctuation of the main digital shorter time than normal function and improve the efficiency of the time.

Details of the time (Pachinko) see

B RI state. fWpAG3B DEJIPACHI normal cases, the same three pictures and numbers, and this condition will be available. Aw tB[o[ xOo^WAutB[o[!!vOArXeB@B However, the Fever's Sankyo registered trademark, and whenRI "Fever!" And a shout, Sankyo, only BISUTI models.
AO@uCR FEVERvAKwtB[o[xtirXeB@tB[o[tAuCRtB[o[cCYvp~BAAtB[o[pRApXtjB In fact, the model Sankyo "CR FEVER " with a fever should be called (in BISUTI Fever in the model name was marked, "CR FIBATSUINZU" This is the last Or. However, the Fever and other summer festivals, Pachisuro pachinko transplant in the works may be still attached).
d[ Power Chu
Je[bvAd[Q[gdJ[bvB Next ball into the open and make it easier to winning the role of a tulip called Chu power of a particular hole and the ball through the electric gates to open and close with a certain amount of time that the tulip.
ij Exchange rate (the exchange)
VZquvIijiilwB Give customers a game from the "replacement rate" of special and general (of cash) to exchange prizes pointing to the value.
iilu100~Kv?v\B Premiums in the purchase cash value when "100 yen per piece ball I need?" To the phrase.
1 25 = ii100~25 = 4.00~/1lB Example 1 25 ball-minute exchange of 100 yen = special prize ball can be replaced by 25 = 4.00 yen / 1 the value of the ball.
2 28 = ii100~28 = 3.57~/1lB Example 2 28 = special prize ball 100-minute exchange of the ball can be replaced by 28 = 3.57 yen / 1 the value of the ball.
u1=4~vKAiilx@uvB Jade rate loan, "Stock = 4 yen coin" is defined as the prize for exchange and the value of the opinion that the police as "equivalent exchange" is.
iiilCAii95%AVZqu1lvuivZvB Premiums will be exchanged as a popular item, and special prizes to more than 95 percent of the game from the visitors saw "the value of one coin", "negotiating group in the calculation of the purchase price," the Is common sense.
U@mqAqAqB Customers are aware of the attacks, but other units have hit customers with an eye to the customers to give up and wait for cars to leave. OIJgU@B In the past occult, and not only because the attacks not only did not have much meaning. mPumv@oKvB But the probability is a condition not easily recognizable, "mlatent state" because of the emergence of a model we must be careful.
n} HAMARI
zAoB Equivalent to the amount of investment, can not hit the jackpot. u[ vB Etymology, "fall into the depths".
WFbgJE^[ Counter-jet
lov@iv@jB Took the ball out of the counting equipment (counting machines). V}A[AKXiiJE^[AulXB In the middle of the striped, and there on both ends, or in small shops or as a giveaway to the counter, there is a different position.
A few percent
z[oB I saw the ball out of the hole rate. z[Rs[^ouZAgz[VZqdgB Hall, a computer out of the ball by a single rate for each operation is instant, the number and percentage by a combination of exchange rate and recreation hall on how customers can see a lot of money. c@BB Operating division, and two types of machines are a few percent.
tXybN Full-spec
_KKv@B At the time of the provisions of the rules models are designed to fill. StXybN@siB The current full-spec models to produce a complete and almost live-fire testing will be rejected. AeB Time, and change its contents.
1. CR@Am1/3Am}}2Api2[vj@B In the mid-CR aircraft, the percentagem1 / 3, then hit the jackpot in the usual patternmtwo designs continue to win in a row (two loop) model. CRHijB Carpenter was the source of CR (first). @oB Such models currently can not produce. 1[vim1/2A1pj@gB One loop (percentagem1 / 2, 1 times in progress) in contradistinction to the use of models.
2. SIZt@B Usually after a big hit all the time reduction models come with. mZt@i n[tXybN jgB Usually only shorter hours sock inmfind a model (HAFUSUPEKKU) and the use of contrast.
3. mKi4001j@B The rules limit the probability of jackpots (1/400) model is near. m3001O@i ~hXybN jgB 1/300 big hit probability is around models (MIDORUSUPEKKU) and the use of contrast.
uhE Grapes
VZ@BBAXAIlBCHIMA game machine in between the nails and ballMARI nails were frozen at the next ball and was launched inSAwent from the top, and end up in a ball stuffed in a bank Would. AB The pieces of jade vine that looks like this is called. dRAXB Crumble under the weight of the ball may be natural, usually called the clerk get away. AuhEAX[Bw\qiAAuhEsssjB Rarely is not possible, depending on where the grapes were, Slew nails and connected to the bellybutton to be easy to finish (except the grape to make the act of winning cheating is expected to be).

## [ W ] {[J[ Japanese manufacturers list

pRVZ@g1960N{VZ@Hg iHgjB The pachinko game machine manufacturing company and unions in 1960 to set up a game machine Industry Association of Japan (Group Nikko Co., Ltd.).

## [ W ] Other

tX AhEWFpRSAlB French composer Andre JORIVE Pachinko is idolized in Japan, the daily said was justified. AAusAmpRvB The hobby, he composed after returning home "for two pianos pachinko" to fruition.

pREpXAJEZOAZs[A@A@A "Tu~ip"B Pachinko, Pachislo as a measure of addiction counseling, therapy, hypnosis therapy, outpatient treatment, "the use of subliminal effects," among others.

## [ W ] Ql References

• JY wpRlx }[A1998NB Ko TANIOKA, Ichiro, the modern culture}[pachinko, 1998.
• a wpRu30~v\xx wA2005NB The pachinko Atsushi Mizonokuti "30 trillion yen in the darkness" - are not fooled by this, I Shogakukan, 2005.

## [ W ] r Footnotes

 [ wv ] [Help]
1. ^ @1948Nia23Nj 710uc@vzia\ON@S\jB ^ The law in 1948 on July 10th, "adult entertainment business Control Law" was promulgated in the title (1948 Law No. 122). 2A{sI2005N117zAN101{si2008N81jB Has been changed title twice, has implemented the final revision of the 2005 promulgated on November 7, the following year went into effect on October 1 until (2008 August 1 now). B With a changed title as the next revision.
• 1959N210zuc@v Promulgated on February 10, 1959 "adult entertainment business law, etc."
• 1984N814zAN213{sucKyK@v Promulgated on August 14, 1984, February 13, enforced the following year "sex industry and other appropriate regulations and laws of business"
2. ^c@A@A @{s A @{sKA{c\uvoA@@OpRcB ^c@FUKUME the provisions of the law, the enforcement of the Law of the facility, not representing the business, "catapult shop" to come, other than catapult Pachinko store might open. pRuVZ@v\LB Pachinko cars, "catapult game machine," and will be represented. uvuXvoB "Catapult units" "catapult the store" does not appear.
3. ^cKyK@{sKO\ ^ Adult entertainment business, such as business regulation and enforcement of laws and regulations appropriate 35th issue of the second paragraph of Article
4. ^ a b c d e f a wpRu30~v\xx w A2005NISBN 978-4093797238 ^ A b c d e f Atsushi Mizonokuti by the pachinko "30 trillion yen in the darkness" - are not fooled by this, I Shogakukan, 2005, ISBN 978-4093797238
5. ^pRcc@217cuv8c (Q[Z^[Y) AcVZi (c@232) B ^c@pachinko business, and also Article 2, Paragraph 7 of the sex industry, "MAAJIYAN shop" and paragraph 8 of the sex industry (such as some of the arcades), with regard to business, depending on the outcome of a game To offer the prize is prohibited (Article 23 paragraph 2c@). Q[Z^[iiQ[vCYQ[#@I_QB Premiums in the game arcade to provide information about legal issues # PURAIZUGEMU reference.
6. ^ssnAx@LB ^ Held in Tokyo, is to provide gold bullion, the agency's interpretation of the criteria provided by the Securities and did not have been.
7. ^cKyK@{sK353 ^ Adult entertainment business, such as business regulation and enforcement of laws and regulations appropriate, paragraph 3 of Article 35
8. ^ cWiX[cwy ix@348E18N1220jB ^ Catapult the business relating to further enhance the prize for the catapult choice for business leaders and cracking down on the (life ring from the first pair of 348 police in December 2006 issue 20). IEcKFB Formal self-regulation by the industry group to confirm that is taking shape.
9. ^ sV - iVXeo ^ MetropolitanV - Fri progress report on the prize distribution system
10. ^ Card Reader\ovyChJ[h@tpR@B ^ Card Reader stands for - to rent a ball of the prepaid cards for pachinko machines with equipment to read.
11. ^S{VZgAAiEXF upRAKxyVv ^ All Japan Federation of Cooperatives game business, the announcement: "pachinko, enjoy the fun in moderation."
12. ^@\j[X@2008N7@P.6iVZYSi@\j ^ July 2008 issue of News Agency P.6 (Organization for the Promotion of healthy recreation industry)
13. ^@\j[X@2008N7@P.56iVZYSi@\j ^ July 2008 issue of News Agency P.5 ~ 6 (Organization for the Promotion of healthy recreation industry)
• NNN 2006N615 pRs 3l NNN 2006Npachinko June 15 broadcast company executives illegally converted units arrested three people
14. ^ sQh~{sK ipdft@Cj-1989NAB ^ Ibara protect a beautiful starry night to prevent light pollution ordinance enforcement rules (pdf files) -1989, established by formertown. uQh~vB At that time the name of the "beautiful starry night to prevent light pollution ordinance to protect Bisei town."
15. ^pRXoX csZLusoi2005N127 sVj ^ Opposed to the opening of the pachinko parlor Kyōtanabe, Kyoto city residents to sign the voluntary submission of the (2005 Kyoto Shimbun on December 7)
16. ^ {lCO[v2004N5ulCfB[XXvxuB ^ Osaka-based and lCgroup than in May 2004, "LadieslCshop" had been established in Dotonbori. SA|XbpAsUXB Is completely non-smoking, and a lap robe and slippers and offer a place to relax and have already closed due to sluggish sales.
17. ^iwRA ExiukvXAt@jB ^ Susumu Nomura, the Korean World Tour (Kodansha something extra paperback).
• pRF[X}nSA 2005N 518Ch!XNu C^r[A{pRX7ENlocB Pachinko Chain Store MARUHANSchairman of the 2005 May 18 broadcast of the wide! Scrambled in an interview, pachinko parlors in Japan by about 70 percent of the Korean people by Japan's business is .
• kNAukNlkNskNdvB The problem with the transfer of North Korean question, "the North Korean nationality allegiance to the North Korean people are working hard to serve in various forms and North Korea are the facts," he said.
• AERA i2006N213jSpRXI[i[oA50%A N3040%A{A e5%A 1993NObupRkNsvFAB AERA (2006NFeb. 13 issue), pachinko parlor owners across the country of origin of the breakdown, 50 percent South Korean, and Korean nationals and 30 to 40 percent of the Japanese nationality, ethnic Chinese and 5 percent each in 1993 Muto Aya Yoshimi former foreign minister in the Diet, "the billions of pachinko, and the money to go to North Korea" has been recognized and reported.
18. ^ cAAagU 2006/5/30N ^ Mindan and Chongryon in the settlement of the opposition and spread the Chosun Ilbo 2006
19. ^ 2006N711 [u! x kNu[gvf ^ Broadcast July 11, 2006 MOVE! Supporting Kim Jong Il, the North Korean regime, "remittances root"fTE
20. ^ Pinball bumper business for N. Korea, Japan fears 2006N412 Associated Press ^ Pinball bumper business for N. Korea, Japan fears 2006NAssociated Press April 12
21. ^ \kAQt^v 2008N221j[X ^ Representative Lee met with Ozawa that the next president, and granted a request suffrage February 21, 2008 General News
22. ^ "qpRE uJWm@v?" 2008N228J-CAST News ^ "Pachinko industry customers away," the casino bill "more trouble?" February 28, 2008 J-CAST News

• z - {KpRXKpqK Specific building - Japanese pachinko parlor is applied to large-scale environmental and other regulations on sanitation
• Rsi - wR}[xB March of warships - the quote-unquote,RMACHI. pRXBGMB BGM once the staple of the pachinko parlor.
• 1114 ip`Rj November 14 (pinball)

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