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# Han Dynasty

dEcEkl Man Beijing cdoriginal
_b i Oc j Legend Myth (5 Emperor Emperor 3)
Han Dynasty
\ Country's 10 5
i p j ROC (Taiwan)

iA 25N - 220N j B Han Dynasty (stem, 1925 - 220) dynasties in China. cGi jA B Soo Liu imperial Han Dynasty (Emperor Takashi Akira), set it to rebuild the Han was destroyed in King. sz i雒zBEJsjB The capital Luoyang (雒zand called it at the time. However, the latest Houhan shift of capital and to Chang Hsu Changan). AiAsOjB So confusing Han and after five generations, and today has more to say Eastern Han (in this case, the capital of the Western Han Dynasty to the Early Han Changan).

## [ W ] j History

ODAVAOsAOsAsAEB The Early Han was theDby kings, political king is the imitation of reality on his lap for the release, the domestic and foreign policy failed in confusion, getting lostOgive a reason, it fails , the runaway train. ARCuSNAIIzizsjcTnnB In this situation occurred in the rebellion that broke out in the beginning of the turbulent mother of Lu in Shandong Province, and finally Nanyang (Nanyang City, Henan Province today) Take Mitsuru Sada Taira emperor by the local ruling family of the local royalty collateral was. iVVQj (Transition to the new Han Dynasty from the first reference after the end of the Han New)

nOzAOARIAARmAsnRp~AbB Take Akira Emperor's own forces and to absorb a lot of peopleeyebrows and red or bronze horses, the people are impoverished, theRJIRUbecause it is relative to the officer, the materials, Knight,Capital to abolish the army and local citizens, and toRIETA a few mercenaries from the conscription system. {pgAObDcWB The original role ofuse the relief, and focus to the emperor took the power of the MinisterO. cS^AcpOAUnogmlRWJB Power die and the young emperor, however, and after the vacuum of power availableOa eunuch and the Emperor's power, but the defiance of local officials by intellectuals from the local ruling family and the promotion of Confucianism. OpAnR@oB Also have to endure frequentpeople already in the political chaos, there was no way out to backfireSU the lack of local arms.

2Sc20A100cB The Emperor and the Emperor Takashi Akira 2 All teens 20 and excluding the Ming emperor enthroned in age, but the emperor was enthroned at the age of 100 days. cAOB Politics of taking a young emperor on behalf of such local ruling family, wasO. 4a~AOUB After the fourth Japanese emperor's, had toOdominate. 11ARObnESB First obtained the cooperation of the eunuch 11 generations, from thebnEthe beam is aboutOextremely tyrannical mockery and generalbegan to grasp the full power eunuch. RAt}~oB But also government officials opposed to the eunuch, to stop the decline of the Han dynasty afterI the prohibition of the opposite party could.

OA[dGAodGBO, irrespective of political eunuch of this period is an extreme political bribes to government officials was a good way to get ahead is the best gift a bribe to the top. dGoOARB Is the source of the bribes from the exploitation of people, a spate of rebellion as a corollary. 184Np}ASA_A@\rB But the 184 is a prime example of the turbulent Yellow Party width of the boss Zhang angle, the insurgency has spread throughout the country, after the Han dynasty at this point, in fact, loss of function of governance.

A B Then, enter an era of tumultuous fight Cao Cao and Liu, were preparing. AcSARB Han later there had been tentative, and the last emperor ofpuppet of Cao Cao, had virtually no power. 220N AqATvAB 220, Cao Caochild, are forcing the peaceful transfer of power, is lost after the Han. EQAcA~OB The killing was wrong hearsay, preparing the accession to the Emperor Liu, enter a period the three countries later.

ijRzANpB(Liu cooperation) is sealed to the public Sanyou by Wei, the deathpIDA traces the Ryuu Yasushi grandchildren. WpANHA i(z)EQAnqB Nishi Susumu this treatment but have replaced them in the Wei, was passed, the grandson of Liu's fall Ryuu Yasu, Han in the turbulent Chia Yong (Xiongnu) were killed by the direct descendantETA.

@ i E jAW266NB Wei is in the Han Dynasty@ (expelled officials) have been treated, after Nishi Susumu 266 has been lifted.

2I Two centuries after the Han

### [ W ] Features

cc@A OOfxB Have the power to refer matters to the queen mother by the young emperor, is often seen by fiatOOalso be active. AOpcSdfB The terminal also has a politicalfto cut up a puppet emperor is still young eunuch had successfully put an end toO. Ac@{AAdpaZLB The eunuch is increased, it is because of the government with imperial power,SE the original, it is the cause of all the short-lived blood Liu had appointed a eunuch and the Emperor of Japan .

cZB Emperor of this dynasty is extremely short-lived. l30AkipjcScB 30 and several in their demise, the demisekfrom young (progeny) and often die without leaving the emperor. ccoA20zc22lA15z2lB Emperor and many of his childhood Thus, when the emperor was enthroned over 20 years old Take Akira The Emperor and the first two of the Ming emperor's only two people, 15 of the valve Emperor and little emperor chapter also over the age of 2 only one was. A iN63jB Incidentally, most of longevity is the emperor Take Akira was the first (He was 63).

## [ W ] Politics

{IOpOQB Political system of the Han Dynasty to the terms of reference since taken over from Qianhan Qianhan basically.

OASlB When the turmoil of the transition from the Early Han Han Dynasty, China's total population had plummeted. O2NL^l6A57N2100B Qianhan end of two populations from which the record was 10,000,000, the early Han Dynasty to the 57-year 2100 has plunged to 10,000. XA100N157N5600B Then gradually recovered, and 100 years from 157 in the year 5600 is to be recovered. uVpAW280N1600B The frequency of natural disasters and the outbreak of the great upheavals of the turbulent Yellow width, however, Nishi Susumu unified and plummeted again in 280 years is that the numbers 1600 and 10000. rB Is lower than in the middle of a whirlwind.

PlAcASiUjliSIAlcXjB This figure is not simply the decline in the population, and it could not aware of the decline of the family register of the state's control, asylum (and escape from a register = escaping) and be a good idea (the dynastic past his prime Tampering with the goal of family registration in tax avoidance is aTANAKATTA and after, during the chaos of central control has been lost is much more of the population is said to have been more difficult). mAl6000kvi6000lE_ljB And the sharp decline that is sure to say, the population of China in 6000 back again to the level of 10,000 is not to wait until the Northern Song Dynasty (although 6000 was also the point of the population of China was less than 10,000 possible).

lEolYB When thinking about the political economy of the early Han Dynasty to the end that there was a sharp decline in population in this way should not be forgotten.

### [ W ] official

OEikEi iinEikEi jAOEEjvB O the Han Dynasty is empty TSUKASA those TSUKASAwidth (default is empty TSUKASA those big Tsukasa Shiba big big), and corresponds to our historyv width of each Qianhan. dpAcIAOs@B May become a political aide appointed by the political character of the eunuch as the Han Dynasty, but the political will to movewas essentially the secretary of the emperor, wasGINAKUOrun institutions.

nxXOnS@EhjB The main change is the local system ishjtitle to the county's chief inspector of the viceregal the founder Emperor Wu during the Early Han. hj600\A2000\yB 600\hjand stone, 2000 is not the viceregal\stone. ssA 2000BqB Because this is an inconvenience, the time of Emperor Yuan 2000TTA and pasture in the stone. xhjBqxAhjBqB The turnover of the pastoral system andhjseveral states, state and Maki hadhjsometimes tandem. ABnsPAhjRAnoARBqnsB But the highest unit of local administration and the state, because there is no righthjmilitary, and many come to the end of the local insurgency and Han Dynasty, the local government's role in both the Ministry of Military .

qRABqnB Combines the authority of the Ministry of Civil Affairs and the military is a powerful thing, Maki state forces and later the independence of local governments. ~QYBqoB The width of the turbulent YellowQYlater is the most pastoral experience.

### [ W ] O eunuch andO

4a9A c@sAZB The fourth Emperor's Japanese throne at age nine, and the appendix of blind politicalqueen mother,TTA thehis brother said. AanEB The Japanese Emperor isnEthem with the help of a eunuch. OB The beginning of the rise of the Han Dynasty eunuchOand so on.

A6ac@lA8Jnc@lAOciB The family of six in the purge the Japanese Emperor and Empress to the Emperor's Ashiro, 8 To start the reign of the emperor's order, including enforcement by the imperial eunuchthe clan, and the eunuchOfollowed by a battle between the Emperor's back. 11AObDAOB During the first 11 generations, since the beam wasbdestroyed by order of EmperorO dominant and eunuch,Oforce is a step backward.

n\EOc[AEAB}leB Power conflict and the entourage of the emperor's eunuchOCentral and local authority representing the local ruling family and the serious things, accused the local ruling family is a muddy stream called himself Seiryu eunuch, the eunuch is our local ruling family after the crackdown and called party man.

166NiZisj^E} ijNB 166ZTSUKASA to (Secretary of the metropolitan area)prohibition of the first party as an opportunity to expose the crimes of the eunuch Li^(Kono Kin party) will happen. ^200]lAi YAEdojB Lee was first^200]lwas arrested, releasedbeen approached by the local ruling family power (notof punishment that can not be d since being expelled from office). ^mAONErlitsB Lee^But we will be honored asm, the rating of the person you said Shun 8 3.

_AnB~AR169N}NB Then public opinion, criticism of local eunuch~MAZU by their local ruling family, the eunuch forces to counter the 169 causea prohibition of the second party. xEA^EASlB Now in exile is not only an official position, Lee^been killed in prison after police killed more than 100 people. X}leAwwB Kith and kin is also a party manaddition, students were also arrested Hutoshi Satoru.

uRwoABRgA}B And an outbreak of a eunuch to the width of the turbulent Yellow is unable, however, military command, otherKUNARI use military force with the local ruling family we really had to crush the partyTARA width yellowsolved. QYnoA189N\FEB After crush and rival warlords have established the foundation of the power of the eunuch was extinguished in 189 that are in the habit of a samurai who massacre the.

## [ W ] Culture

### [ W ] vz Thought

OAnmADoXB The strong influence of Confucianism from the middle Qianhan had acquired a state religion, the Emperor and Takashi Akira is the power of the ConfucianMEYOU not again for a furtherDlike kings. IF iAeFsljdB Ren Takateru during the course of the election elevation ri Township (this connexion, that the person with filial piety) attached particular importance. Ozwiw jA omuwBB Luoyang Hutoshi Satoru model in the Early Han (speaking at the University) was established, he is a professor in the Confucian students at Dr.o. EqEqJAEqJB The J Confucius on actively strophiole song is the hometown of Confucius, the worship of Confucius is a national project.

ZeFsOgBSHITA and glorify the people who practice filial piety in order to penetrate the private sector and Confucianism. @qeAeEGEB If you accuse a parent and child on the legal charges or accept RARENAKA, if the parents had been killed or even kill the innocent person in revenge. AESDmB As a result of these policies, it will establish an advantage over almost all private Confucian bureaucrats.

lXMX|AacE^AenElbAw xlB The people of the Han Dynasty is also strongly committed to the superstition, and treated quite seriously by officials in the Emperor prophets, and the big story of the Phantom appears and bizarre behavior throughout the Han and later in the we're on at the time of their hsien. VVvvzB Seems that the idea to form this season and it will appear in a natural disaster in the sky.

IO2NAx67NB BC Buddhism to China is the fastest of the theory of two years, the slowest theory 67 years. j ijB j during this time (in passing) was called. ub_B Is a transliteration of the Buddha. KB Initially it was only by the exoticism of the upper classes only. sAOMcB As the build up of social disorder, butTTARASHII the cult - to be more and more popular among the believers.

TOAlVvzB In order to understand the Buddhist concept of nothingness, which is doing nothing of the ideology of the old Villa Office in China. VeAVhcsB Buddhism as a result of the alteration as affected by the old Villa, will be the establishment of the cult inspired by Taoism and Buddhism in the old Villa.

11X|LAVqJxsB 11 is famous for it's commitment to Taoism, and many times the ritual of Lao Tzu. sMAl2cB We have more and more social unrest like the believers of Buddhism, the path waslway Taepyeong made a cult of one. caCsMWAlHuAhsoB The cult of devotees gathered to make private and diseases,lthe path to the barn and built a building called prostheses are placed in food, that I could do to stay free.

gDAMBRenQYzB Organization of the width of the road disorderly Yellow Taiping by the wheels fall off, he is absorbed in the blue statesQYthroughout the military and Cao Cao, for example, not a believer but not extinguished. lABlroad is long lost, even after the Han Dynasty, and Akira Hazime teaching post.

### [ W ] wZp Science and Technology

wZpiB After the Han period was marked by advances in technology.

ZpSEne^B Improvement of the technical paper by had a serious impact on all areas as well as the Han Dynasty period. |i|jBxiiADwEndvB It's simple bamboo (cut and tied to the size of the bamboo) and is small enough to require a paperBEwill not significantly increase the speed of cultural transmission and local spread of good literature book increased.

jtVA VVEnVB Zhangt Ordinance Hutoshi Humi order from the emperor at the time of the Emperor is weak and research the celestial, which invented the ceremony moving ceremony areaV. VVVVAn]]m\B Armillary sphere is the celestial globe say in the modern, and to show the exact constellation to rotate in conjunction with the orbits of the Earth by hydropower. nVnkvAnkmApnkNB Yi ground motion is made possible by a dragonthe ball around like a pot on the seismograph, the ball fell to detect it in a distant earthquake, was an earthquake or in any way by it . tHA ~vZ3.162lB Zhang alsoKIKASHItfirst time the cause of the lunar eclipse, to calculate pi to 3.162 are obtained and the approximate value.

zlEilB Jing Zhang of Nanyang in terms of character and honor are sacred to posterity doctor. itXRljASw a_ xB Hethe family (thought to be cholera or typhoid) lost by the outrage that the disease theory graduate ,SHITA. iAwoCuB In this book are the results of research on the relationship Zhang Jing-based research in the meantime, the medical bible and posterity. {dB Japan in particular is very important.

lEUgjSgsAJpsBof the Chinese people and the first use of general anesthetic drugs and boiling hemp powder, which is a major surgery to the abdominal incision. N@B Is said to have invented as a health and exercise.

sw Zp xZplXwAweLXgpB Author unknown at this time and passed to the arithmetic section 9, in the arithmetic and on a variety of mathematical problems, after the text has been adopted by the Mathematics Education.

### [ W ] w Literature

Oq@ABxwEeyA\indsB Improved methodpaper as mentioned above, the rate of increase in the sentence is also a major influence on world literature, to be shaped by the epidemic spread to the region where the works have been published in is.

jw xB In the field of history of a solid team with the Han's. w jL xIpAfjjwjLxjo]B The jL, while inheritance to form the body of Tsutae Osamu, this book is the history of historiography as a loss of their firstjL's reputation, as being in the historiographyoalongside.

VwjLxwxAlwLxBVother groups, the father of the solid teamjL, the buried portion of the transfer after the Emperor Wu, who compiled the writings of the period for the Han dynasty after the record head, Han and Eastern philosophy.

wsxEtwxAnA邕i邕WjB In the field of Chinese poetry is a solid team and the vehicle'stChang-ku, Kyoto 2, the vehicle and in the maturation ofpoetry in this period, the end邕(邕is oneup) is said to have been completed .

Ni 196N - 220N jOiEEAeqjqpA wB Ken Yasushi years the flow (from 196 - 220) Cao 3 and the (parent-childA Cao Cao) is transmitted to the child fell 7 construction or be shaped by literature Takeshi Yasu.

### [ W ] Sculpture

l soyznA]m|pIC[WVIB zncopper was excavated from Wuyi City, Gansu Province, the bronze sculpture to refurbish the image of a dynamic and static characteristics of the general art of the East in the past.

## [ W ] o Economy

OQB For tax Qianhan section. [AK[[MB Would pay taxes, but pay a lot of silk that the money from to pay it will be noted.

nB After the Han Dynasty and the era of the region is. enJB Filled by the forces that effect development throughout the local ruling family and was high. c]lJiAEB Turbulent period at the end of the development of Gangnam and Sichuan have been to the countryside, which is based to aWu Shu.

### [ W ] estates

An|IAyniAnoxzB In the middle of the eunuch is a strong force in the region is overwhelmingly strong in the local ruling family, goof land by local ruling family, the local economy has been controlled and the local ruling family. _ocnA{^B Estates management in the local ruling family, including a farmers fence into distress, the central government was to avoid direct involvement.

{sAQ[KvB But it is also said that the central government and the flood of stuff inside the manor, one end of the Han Dynasty that was a disaster is to be said that appropriate measuresTANAKATTA.

## [ W ] W International Relations

A zOijBmisrule of the king, beginning a clan out of Xiongnu (for Chinese goods in the different ethnic groups) were simultaneously. GAOdB Take Akira Emperor's ascension to the throne after the king to issue the excess issueGMERU theseOhad not focused on the treatment.

### [ W ] kE Northern Central Asia

zOjB Xiongnu the same destructive power as it was during the Early Han Han greatest threat again after loss. zOkAzAz{zAsB Xiongnu is divided from north to south in the mid Qianhan, South Xiongnu hadthe Han, Xiongnu angry that the king took up the issue of the Xiongnu kingKI, issued by re-issue of the emperor King Take Hikaruback down again.

zZAkzhqgB Southern Xiongnu many people moving to the area of Han, used as a defense against Xiongnu forces north of the Han. \ZOiKB Is the stage before the age of 60 wuhu country after that. zWiAOB Xiongnu who do not have to end abruptly into Nishi Susumu never had infiltrated the territory of China before that.

AAPB For Central Asia by the Emperor during the Ming, thethe countries of Central Asia, was ordered to withdraw from Central Asia and the chapter on the death of the Emperor Ming emperor. RAkzgEAB Super-group was in a military expedition to kill the messengerBut the North refuses to return Xiongnu,META western countries. SlAxXRhAsB Unless a super team butSKItalents ever to send a military expedition to Central Asia, happens pretty often better.

kzXAuNkAWADB But the east-west divide also been infighting within the Northern Xiongnu also will be deprived of the position of leader in Asia and the NorthNrise.

XphAVAB Super team further towards the west of Central Asia is weak in English and sent to subordinates, that is to come up near the Syria of today. 166NgBB The 166 in the year are claiming to reach the Chinese envoy Yasushi Atsushi Hata Hiroshi king. Hata Hiroshi is that of the Roman Empire, A. Ahn and that of Antoninus is AURERIUSU Marx. [}L^AgPlA[}clB But the record is not on Rome, the envoy said this is just a mere exchange trader, might be onlyTTA the name of the emperor of Rome. g[}A[}fB The matter has been conveyed by the envoy of the Roman Empire, however, that it wasfWA exchange between the Roman Empire and thin at this time.

### [ W ] NE{ Japan Korea

}]AAAvsB To the east and the impersonal forces that }] and Koguryo, the first king of the correspondingalso had to break away once we have taken the lead with the tribute to the emperor enthronement Take Mitsu. ApSUB To break away again and get weak in the force control of the Han Dynasty, and China isIYAthe west to attack the countypGen. XyQSUAnemB Continue to attack even more comfortable in waves County, established its supremacy in the region.

LqmA{lXmA uuzvtB To be known later in the description of the transferHan, this is the era of Japan and is known to have direct negotiations with the dynasty of China, was discovered in County Shikashima Hukuoka "King guy Han committee" Gold This indicates that the seal.

## [ W ] c history of the Han Dynasty emperors

n} Imperial Han Dynasty family tree
1. iG@23N - 57N j Take Akira Emperor (Ryuu Hide reigned 1923 - 1957)
2. i@57N - 75N j Emperor Ming (Ryuu Shiyou reigned 1957 - 1975)
3. i75N - 88N j Chapter emperor (reigned炟 Liu 1975 - 1988)
4. a i@88N - 105N j Je sum (Ryuu Hazime reigned 1988 - 105 years)
5. n i@105N - 106N j n (Ryuu Takashi reigned 105 years - 106 years)
6. i祜@106N - 125N j Je Ahn (Liu祜reigned 106 years - 125 years)
7. i@125N j Je small (Liureigned 125 years)
8. i@125N - 144N j Imperialist order (Ryuu Yasushi reigned 125 years - 144 years)
9. t iz@144N - 145N j t (Liuzreigned 144 years - 145 years)
10. i纘@145N - 146N j Je quality (Liu纘reigned 145 years - 146 years)
11. iu@146N - 167N j (Liu Zhi reign 146 years - 167 years)
12. iG@167N - 189N j Je Spirit (Ryuu Hiroshi reigned 167 years - 189 years)
13. i@189N j Je valve slightly (Liu valve reigned 189 years)
14. i@189N - 220N j (Liu cooperation reigned from 189 - 220)

cuFviFuFcvjA{w\LB Mostthe head of the Emperor "Takashi" get (ex:of the Ming Emperor "Emperor Takaaki"), in Japan it appears that omitted most cases.